The North Pacific Fisheries Commission (NPFC) is an inter-governmental organization established by the Convention on the
Conservation and Management of High Seas Fisheries Resources in the North Pacific Ocean.
The objective of the Convention is to ensure the long-term conservation and sustainable use of the fisheries resources in the Convention Area while protecting the marine ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean in which these resources occur.
Fisheries resources covered by the Convention is all fish, mollusks, crustaceans and other marine species caught by fishing vessels within the Convention Area, excluding:
(i) sedentary species insofar as they are subject to the sovereign rights of coastal States; and indicator species of vulnerable marine ecosystems as listed in, or adopted pursuant to the NPFC Convention;
(ii) catadromous species;
(iii) marine mammals, marine reptiles and seabirds; and
(iv) other marine species already covered by pre-existing international fisheries management instruments within the area of competence of such instruments.
Canada, China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, and Chinese Taipei have negotiated on the Convention and the Convention was adopted on 24 February 2012.
The Convention entered into force on 19 July 2015. Japan has been acting as the Interim Secretariat until the NPFC Secretariat is established.